PHP Framework Development or CMS: The better choice

Every business has its requirements and anything less is akin to playing the fiddle while Rome burns. The most effective one, the most versatile one, the most resourceful one – these are some of the adjectives that are preferred by businesses to search for tools for web development. They want to develop websites that are designed to catch the attention of potential customers and to convert them eventually into repeat customers. Two of the most popular ways to develop web applications nowadays are – CMS and PHP frameworks. Both these methods have their positives and negatives. We would be exploring these structures in and out through this article.

It is difficult to choose one amongst them owing to the deep intricacies in the same. Hence, we need to understand both these choices and the subtle differences between them.

What is CMS or PHP framework? How do they work?

CMS stands for Content Management System. Using CMS for website development provides various tools to help a developer manage a website and its contents. One can use the content management system for website development or e-Commerce related purposes. One can also make all the changes that are required for the same in a convenient manner. If we take the example of a Content Management System for eCommerce websites, one can change the price, layout, inventory, and more. The most popular CMS options include WordPress, Xaraya, Moodle, and Joomla among others. They are specifically tailored for ensuring that the management of a website becomes more easy and efficient.

Read More: Benefits of custom PHP web development

On the other hand, a framework can be defined as a developer-driven customized code that is created within a set of rules. Developers use core library functions to develop modules, which are tailored from the linguistic fabric known as PHP development– an art known as web development using the PHP framework. However, a layman would not be able to figure out the intricacies of the process of PHP framework development. Some of the most widely used PHP frameworks include CodeIgniter and other such tools.

What are the distinguishing features of both?

There are four critical factors that one needs to take care of while designing one’s website, which is listed below:


Security in the age of hacking is of prime importance. Every visitor needs to understand whether a website is secure enough for transactions or not. If a visitor notices the SSL lock sign on the link of a website, they will be satisfied and reassured that the purchase will occur without any discrepancies.

Being open-source platforms, the plugins and modules on CMSes are created by independent developers or groups of developers.  When bugs or deficiencies are found, newer versions of code are launched after ensuring that the bug or deficiency has been removed. Installing reliable plugins on a CMS website is also an important element that needs to be considered as far as security is concerned. Due to the presence of other elements such as cross-site scripting, the security vulnerabilities on these platforms are considerably large.

The use of custom code in PHP frameworks adds a powerful layer of security to the website. Most have built-in functions for encryption and security. This makes them perfect for purposes such as corporate web development as well as the integration of complex web systems. This can be intricately tailored for ensuring a larger degree of freedom and customizability.

Verdict: We think PHP framework websites are more secure than CMS.


Based upon what functionalities you are looking to add or enhance your business, its web portal may need to be integrated with various functional elements as well as with third-party applications. Dedicated PHP programmers design applications by keeping the business interests in priority.

CMS platforms have diverse functionalities as far as application goes but suffer due to limited flexibility. This gives birth to numerous restrictions as far as creative freedom is concerned. Hence, even though there are numerous modules and plugins on CMSes, the inherent flexibility as far as their usage is concerned is limited to quite an extent.

Frameworks derive heavily from libraries of functions and data, which can easily be customized based on the requirements of the business. PHP web application development is an important aspect that PHP frameworks are useful for, especially due to the immense degree of customizability that the framework provides for the users.

Verdict: For flexibility, we consider PHP frameworks to be ahead of CMSes.


Getting your online portal updated to the latest standards of technical proficiency is imperative. As far as security and functionality are concerned, updating installed plugins and modules is necessary for the progress and development of the website.

Upgrades in php development

CMSes get updates on a regular basis owing to the large community of developers who are a part of the development team. However, PHP frameworks do not have frequent updates when compared to CMSes.

Verdict: We think CMSes are better in this case owing to the frequent upgrades and the immediate support that is available on these platforms.

User Experience (UX):

Content Management Systems are built by taking managers and modern websites into consideration. Most CMSes make it very simple to manage website content. Due to this, most CMSes are crafted in intricate ways to maximize convenience and ease for website owners. The website host can modify elements on a website without encountering any problems with the same. CMSes mostly provide responsive themes so that the website functions can be used on mobile systems as well.

User experience in Php Development

A PHP framework does not have a user-friendly interface, unlike CMSes, owing to the immense amount of knowledge about coding that is required to work with these frameworks. Moreover, in order to customize linguistic frameworks to make them more flexible, a laymen individual would require the help of dedicated PHP programmers.

Verdict: CMS is certainly a better choice when it comes to user experience and ease of use.

And the winner is…!

Choosing a platform that is just right for your website is as important as finding a perfect destination for building your house. Trying to find the best fit for your preferences involves understanding the subtle nuances of security, design, and user experience.


A platform that can provide a balance between all of these elements will be the perfect fit for your online business portal. After all, your application is judged as a whole and not by severed elements.

Every business has its preferences and requirements, the fulfilment of which will ultimately lead to the progress and growth of the online portal. So go ahead, make your choice.

Swift Best Practices and Tips by Toptal Developers

Swift as a programming language was brought to the limelight in the year 2014. Swift has transformed the complex practice of programming mobile app development into an easy to write, learn and understand proposing the up to date features. Designed by Apple INC, Swift is specifically developed to facilitate iOS programming for products running on iOS platform. It is loaded with LLVM compiler that features C, C++, Objective-C and Swift code to run within one program. Swift is very friendly to program developers as it supports backgrounds, a unique which feature which allows the iOS developer to edit the script codes and generates result immediately without running the app again. Google has also announced her intention for using Swift as a first-class language for its Android app development. Here we present you some of the practices and tips followed by Toptal developers to make iOS app development easy.

A Dose of Insight: “Toptal is a community of designers and designers who are dedicated to exchanging services to companies, to each other as well as to the community as a whole. The members of Toptal are considered as the top 3 percent amongst all the designers and developers in the world.”


Before we delve into the world of Swift development, one needs to understand the defining elements as well as the differences between objects, interfaces, and model classes.

QL Tech Trivia 101:

Object: In the world of software development, an object is an entity within the coded structure of an application. It is a group or arrangement of data and functions that help in defining specific aspects of the functioning of the application.

Class: The methods along with the variables that are a part an object make up the class of the object. They can be divided on the basis of the methods and variables that are considered.

Interface: This is the part of the application in which only the declarations from the object are visible and utilized. This means that an interface essentially displays or makes use of the output born from objects and the arrangement of classes in an application.

In the above image, more than one object has same common binding to accelerate the working efficiency. The reuse of the same code is a sensible idea, as introduced by Swift. For example using a verbatim code language Protocol Extensions to Bind Model classes with interfaces can be understood as under:

Let’s suppose we have a ‘User’ class:

class User {

var name = “”

var email = “”

var bio = “”

var image: UIImage? = nil

init(name: String, email: String, bio: String) { = name = email = bio



Gradually a protocol will implement all the interfaces together that would be bind with the ‘User’ instances calling it ‘UserBindable’.

protocol UserBindable: AnyObject {
var user: User? { get set }

var nameLabel: UILabel! { get }
var emailLabel: UILabel! { get }
var bioLabel: UILabel! { get }
var imageView: UIImageView! { get }

Here ‘User’ as an individual variable is a user (operator) to bind and all other ‘UIView’ the subclasses use to bind the user. The image below will clarify the above code understanding:


Now, let’s we create a protocol extension:
extension UserBindable {

// Make the views optionals

var nameLabel: UILabel! {
return nil

var emailLabel: UILabel! {
return nil

var bioLabel: UILabel! {
return nil

var imageView: UIImageView! {
return nil

// Bind

func bind(user: User) {
self.user = user

func bind() {

guard let user = self.user else {

if let nameLabel = self.nameLabel {
nameLabel.text =

if let bioLabel = self.bioLabel {
bioLabel.text =

if let emailLabel = self.emailLabel {
emailLabel.text =

if let imageView = self.imageView {
imageView.image = user.image

Here the extension is divided into two parts:

UIt table for cell value
  1. Default Value created that allows some exclusion and some inclusion.
  2. All the values of user properties and fix to view.

Presenting a user list, create a ‘UITableViewCell’.

class UserTableViewCell: UITableViewCell, UserBindable {

var user: User?

// we can set the labels in interface builder or with by code.
@IBOutlet weak var nameLabel: UILabel!
@IBOutlet weak var emailLabel: UILabel!


The above image indicates that the cell is binding the user through the use of the UserBindable protocol. This binds its interface to the user object.

In the UITableViewDataSource protocol, we can see the following object classes:

func tableView(tableView: UITableView, cellForRowAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UITableViewCell {
let cell = tableView.dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier(“Cell”) as! UserTableViewCell
let user = // find the user from your array or whatever
return cell

If we want to show the detail of this user after touching it, we can have a view controller like this:

class UserDetailViewController: UIViewController, UserBindable {

var user: User?

@IBOutlet weak var nameLabel: UILabel!
@IBOutlet weak var emailLabel: UILabel!
@IBOutlet weak var bioLabel: UILabel!
@IBOutlet weak var imageView: UIImageView!

override func viewDidLoad() {
// here we suppose that we have set the user value before the viewDidLoad

code display by qltech

Thus, the above example codes shown the efficient use and output of reused binding code in android mobile app development.

                                                        Use `NSDateFormatter` efficiently

Creating NSDateFormatter is a tedious job for any android programmer. But one thing that is to be notified here is that all the formatters to be used in the app are static constant. They can be reused and no need to create them again and again. The image below is an example of showing static constant:


Here in the above image the day changes but the formatters remain constant. Like the name of days, 12-hour format, the name of months and numbers from 0-9.

The example of the code is as follows:

extension NSDateFormatter {

@nonobjc static let shortDateAndTime: NSDateFormatter = {
let formatter = NSDateFormatter()
formatter.dateStyle = .ShortStyle
formatter.timeStyle = .ShortStyle
return formatter

@nonobjc static let dayMonthAndYear: NSDateFormatter = {
let formatter = NSDateFormatter()
formatter.dateFormat = “MM/dd/yyyy”
return formatter

@nonobjc static let monthAndYear: NSDateFormatter = {
let formatter = NSDateFormatter()
return formatter

Now in the above code, we can make out @nonobjc attribute. This means that the value is supposed to be added in the cell. A complaint of ‘A declaration cannot be both ‘final’ and ‘dynamic’.‘ is seen. If the formatter has applied for “DD/MM/YYYY” format, then the date should be “01/01/2000”. No object can be added (“001”) nor can be deducted (“1”). Similarly, notice that adding the @objc will make your extension incompatible with Objective-C.

Next, let’s we create an NSDate extension to make a simple API convert to strings and back:

extension NSDate {

/// Prints a string representation for the date with the given formatter
func string(with format: NSDateFormatter) -> String {
return format.stringFromDate(self)

/// Creates an `NSDate` from the given string and formatter. Nil if the string couldn’t be parsed
convenience init?(string: String, formatter: NSDateFormatter) {
guard let date = formatter.dateFromString(string) else { return nil }
self.init(timeIntervalSince1970: date.timeIntervalSince1970)

Let’s call the NSDate extension methods.

To create a String from a NSDate:

let date = NSDate()let string = date.string(with: .shortDateAndTime)// let string = date.string(with: .dayMonthAndYear)// let string = date.string(with: .monthAndYear)

To create a NSDate from a String

let string = “06/17/2016”
let date = NSDate(string: string, formatter: .dayMonthAndYear)

By looking at the several techniques and coding customizability that Swift provides, developers can have a field day with the process of iOS application development. This article barely gives a glimpse at the gates of the opportunity that Swift throws open for developers and designers. Would you like to know more, or would you be feeling the urge to share your inputs? Let us know so that we can explore the realm beyond the gates of opportunity together.